Muslim Legal Systems In 21st Century
Talking about the Muslim legal systems it can be said that there is a spectrum of Muslim legal systems in the 21st century. It is attributed to the fact that there are different groups among Muslims who hold different perspective regarding the fundamental Sharia law. Get to know more about Muslim legal systems by going through this article containing useful info about Muslim legal systems.
Depending upon the perspectives on Sharia a Muslim country hold, there are different types of Muslim legal systems being followed in various nations of the world. However, the legal systems in Muslim countries in 21st are described best in the following manner.
There is a modern or secular Sharia law being followed in secular Muslim countries like Mali, Kazakhstan and Turkey. However, these countries are under continuous pressure from various Islamic fundamentalist and political parties to follow the traditional Sharia law. Despite all the pressure, these countries have declared themselves to be secular countries. The good thing about these Muslim legal systems that are modern is that there is not any kind of religious interference in the matters of state, law and politics is prohibited. In these modern Muslim countries, as well as the secular West, the role of Sharia is applicable only to extant where only personal and family matters can be solved using Sharia.
Talking about legal system in Muslim countries that have mixed kinds of laws are Pakistan, Indonesia, Afghanistan, Egypt, Nigeria, Sudan, Morocco and Malaysia. These Islamic countries possess legal systems of their own, however these are greatly under the influence of Sharia, however also cede ultimate authority to their constitutions and the rule of law. In such countries there is democracy and for which there are organized democratic elections, however some are also under the influence of authoritarian leaders.
Now comes the hardcore Muslim countries having traditional perspective on Sharia law. These countries include Saudi Arabia and Gulf countries that have got any of its constitutions or legislatures and where the state head have got some authority to change laws, because they are derived from Sharia law as it is interpreted by their religious scholars. Important point to note here is that Iran shares some of these characteristics, however it also have got parliament that legislates in a manner consistent with Sharia.