Definitions of Sharia Law
Sharia law is sacred law of Islam and followed by Muslims all over. It is believed that Sharia law is inferred from two of the main sources of Islamic law, which are divine revelations described in religious book of Islam known as Quran, and the sayings and example set by the Islamic Prophet Muhammad in the Sunnah.
All the believers of Islam believe that Sharia law is Law of God, however they differ as to what exactly it implicates. There are different groups of Muslims that are termed as Modernists, traditionalists and fundamentalists and they all view Sharia law differentially, as do believes in different schools of Islamic thought and scholarship. Moreover different countries and cultures have different Sharia Law definitions and varying interpretations for defining Sharia Law.
Sharia law deals with various issues being handled by secular law, which also consists of crime, politics and economics, as well as personal matters like sexuality, hygiene, diet, prayer, and fasting. Where Sharia law has got the official status, it is applied by Islamic judges, or qadis.
The introduction of Sharia law is the ultimate goal for various Islamic groups and movement in many Muslim nations. Some of the Muslim minorities in Asian countries have got institutional recognition of Sharia to resolve their personal and community affairs. However in western countries, where immigration of Muslims is not that old, Muslim minorities have introduced Sharia family law, for use in their own disputes, with varying degrees of success. In an effort to impose Sharia law, there have been many controversies, incidents of violence, and even warfare in many countries.
Here are some of the definitions of Sharia Law as given by scholars:
• Sharia law is also known as the Muslim or Islamic law that is applicable to both the both civil and criminal justice as well as regulating individual conducts both personal and moral. The custom-based body of law based on the Quran and the religion of Islam.
• Hamilton Alexander Rosskeen Gibb has defined Sharia as a discussion on the duties of Muslims.
• According to Hunt Janin and Andre Kahlmeyer, Sharia law is a long, assorted, intricate intellectual tradition rather than being a clearly defined set of specific rules and regulations that can be easily applied to life situations.