Traditional Perspectives on Sharia
This article presents you an overview about the traditional perspectives on Sharia. Although, there are different perspectives on Sharia, traditional perspectives on Sharia law are one of them because of different sects of Islam. Large number of Muslims considers themselves as followers of either the Sunni or Shi'a sect of Islam. These sects led to different schools of religious study and scholarship. It is important to note here that although the schools within each sect share common features and characteristics, although each differs in its details.
Here are some of the main Sharia law’s traditional perspectives:
The Sunni perspective
The traditional perspectives on Sharia law is followed by Sunni Muslims. Along with the basic codes of the Quran and Sunnah, religious books of Islam, the traditional Sunni Muslims add consensus of Muhammad's companions and Islamic jurists on certain issues. In some cases where there is no clear rule or law, the scholars refer to qiyas that are a variety of forms of reasoning, together with analogy, to derive law from the essence of divine principles and earlier rulings.
The Salafi perspective
Another traditional perspective on Sharia is the one which is followed by the followers or supporters of Salafi movement. This movement takes inro account the actions and sayings of the first three generations of Muslims for guidance, along with religious books of Islam the Quran and Sunnah.
The Shi'a perspective
Among different traditional perspectives on Sharia, the next one is the one followed by Shi'a Muslims. This traditional perspective on Sharia law also takes into account the basic code with fiqh, however discards strongly the analogy as an easy way to innovations and reject consensus as not having any special value in its own. The In Imami-Shi'i law, also considers Quran as source of law along with anecdotes of Muhammad's practices and those of The Twelve Imams, and the intellect. The practices are known as Sharia.